registersoccer campsEDUKICK Soccer Boarding Schoolslanguage immersionteam toursEDUKICK Soccer Tournaments Abroad

England
France
Italy
Mexico
China
Brazil
Israel
Canada
Greece
Spain
Germany
Holland
 

About Us

About Us
 

Credit Accepted


EDUKICK Store

Study Says Inequality Lowers Test Scores

(PRWEB) February 15, 2006 -- Professor Ming Ming CHIU and Dr. Lawrence KHOO conducted the first scientific study of how inequality affects overall student achievement using large-scale, cross-country data. Their study was published in the latest issue of the American Educational Research Journal, one of the world's best education
Educational (language Immersion) Soccer Programs Worldwide! Check out EduKick's Education & Soccer Camps!
 journals.
   
The study analyzed the reading, science, and mathematics test scores and questionnaire responses of 193,076 fifteen-year-olds in 41 countries and regions, including the US. The data are from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's Program for International Student Assessment (OECD-PISA).

Students in regions with more equality (such as Finland, South Korea, Hong Kong) outscored those in richer nations with less equality (such as the US, Germany, Switzerland). Specifically, students had lower test scores in countries with more unequal distribution of school
Check out EduKick Year-Long Soccer Boarding Schools in Europe! Call toll free today to discuss at 1-866-338-5425!
 resources, segregation of rich and poor students into different schools, or bias favoring rich students.

Unequal distribution of resources usually favors schools with rich students. Thus, a more equal distribution gives poor students more resources and raises overall scores.

Students also benefit from schoolmates' resources. Hence, integration of rich and poor students gives poor students more access to rich classmates' resources.

Privilege bias steals from poor students and gives to rich students. Not only is this unfair, it lowers the overall achievement of all students. Privilege bias can occur within a school or at the school system. For example, teachers often give more time and effort to rich students. Also, rich students often attend schools with more resources.

On average, a 10% rise in …
• Unequal distribution of certified teachers among schools lowers each test score by 1.3%
• Segregation of rich and poor students into different schools lowers each test score by 1.2%
• Bias favoring richer students lowers each test score by 7.3%
• Country income raises each test score by only 3.9%
These results also take into account other factors such as gender, family, school, and country resources.

Inequality costs to families:
Inequality lowers test scores. With higher inequality, families need to earn more so that their children can receive the same level of education
Educational (language Immersion) Soccer Programs Worldwide! Check out EduKick's Education & Soccer Camps!
. To compensate for an increase in inequality, a median income US family earning $43,318 a year needs to earn, per child, an extra ...
• $552 per 1% rise in unequal proportions of certified teachers in each school
• $518 per 1% rise in segregation of rich and poor students into different schools
• $3,143 per 1% rise in bias against poorer students
For poorer families, the costs are even higher, as the poorest families suffer the most from inequality.

Implications for schools:
Inequality in distribution, rich-poor segregation and privilege bias funnel more resources to the rich, and hence, less to the poor. Thus, reducing inequality, rich-poor segregation or privilege bias can improve student learning. Based on these results, Drs. Chiu and Khoo recommend that:
• Housing codes and school policies should minimize segregation of rich and poor students.
• Teachers should be trained to give equal attention to all children, whether rich or poor.
• Education reform should not give rich students more resources than poor students.

For media enquiries, please contact Professor Chiu at 2631-6464 or Dr. Khoo at 2641-7386.

Source:
Chiu, M. M., & Khoo, L. (2005). Effects of resources, inequality, and privilege bias on achievement: Country, school, and student level analyses American Educational Research Journal, 42, 575-603.

http://www.fed.cuhk.edu.hk/~mmchiu/paper/effectsofresources.htm [Abstract and full text of journal article]


Png - A Difficult Place To Help
Electronic Transcripts Increase 368% in North Caro...
Winter Tourism in Kashmir
Location Counts: eLearning Site Localedu.com Helps...
Protect Your Child from Teachers' and Peers' Hurtf...
Wellspring UK Weight Loss Camp Achieves Unpreceden...
Welcome to Football Puma Launch the Association of...
A Class Full of Clowns in Riverdale
Master of Art's in Sustainable Development: School...
School Bullying, Harassment, and Sexual Assault La...

[ Archive Listings ]

Host Countries


Germany
Spain
Canada
Israel
Brazil
France
Italy
Mexico
China
England
Holland

Free Soccer Advice
Submit your email address and question below.
 

Your Email Address:

Question?



Copyright © 2006. All Rights Reserved. Property of EduKick™.  
1-866-EDU-KICK  

Developed & Hosted by Cyber Shark  

<