A most bizarre philosophy of education
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called "Discovery Learning," based partly on the educational ideas of Rousseau, Pestalozzi and Dewey, led to The Silent Way Method of Second Language
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acquisition. It also enjoyed the support of psycho-babblists (psychologists) Piaget, Bruner, and Papert. Seymour Papert said,
“ You can't teach people everything they need to know. ”
"You can't teach people everything they need to know. The best you can do is position them where they can find what they need to know when they need to know it."
Though it is a nice-sounding axiom, I am reminded of the countries of the world in which this philosophy of education does not reign supreme. The students in these countries overtake our kids in almost every academic subject. The word "they" in the above quote bothers me. Who does the "they" refer to? A bunch of kids who do not want to be in a classroom learning anything? Kids forced to be there because Mom and Dad say so? I know "Discovery Learning" all too well since I received my "secondary non-education" in one of these schools.
In response to what was considered as the "demonic" rote memory of anything having to do with education, The Silent Method of Second Language acquisition arose. In this "affective" approach, " The teacher tries to "facilitate" activities whereby the students discover for themselves the conceptual "rules" governing the language, rather than imitating or memorizing them - Brown (1994:63)." Also, the students had to somehow "develop their own inner criteria for correctness" (Larsen Freeman, 1986:62)."
This touchy-feely method of learning depends on the "good intentions" of learners. It also depends on the learners wanting to be in the educational situation in which they are, of course, forced by the law of the land and the law of home to participate. This approach to American education, in which I was a high school victim, resulted in woefully equipped and inadequately trained high school graduates (no one, of course, was ever failed) trying to get into college (one of our English classes was called, "Sports Illustrated").
Reasons for Failure:
Teacher is too passive. In favor of the student engaging in his own "Discovery Learning," the teacher would not step in to correct or guide the learner. Students would learn
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incorrect pronunciation in favor of the teacher remaining "silent."
Students miss out on cultural input that could be given within the language from the teacher's active participation.
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